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Choose sunscreen according to your skin tone

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Choose sunscreen according to your skin tone

Posted on 27 March 2017 by GGS News

New Delhi : Sun protection is essential throughout the year, but it gets yet more important during the summers. Protecting the skin from excessive exposure is the only way to prevent it from aging, sun burns, and skin discoloration.

The ultimate solution of any sun protection regimen is the proper and regular use of a high SPF sunscreen.

Monica Sood, MD of TBC by Nature tells the ideal sunscreen for each individual skin type:

Sensitive skin: Using sunscreens that contain chemicals like Paraben or oxybenzone on sensitive skin can cause skin rashes and irritation. A better choice would be physical sunscreens that contain titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, which provide excellent protection from the sun, and are milder on the skin.

Acne prone skin: Individuals who are tired of acne-prone skin should shy away from harsh ingredients and also opt for a sunscreen that does not contain any added preservatives or fragrance with high SPF. They should also avoid greasy sunscreens as they will often result into skin breakouts. There are many great sunscreens specifically formulated for acne-prone skin types.

Dry skin: People with dry skin are highly recommended to go for a moisturising sunscreen. These are specialised sunscreen formulations that contain ingredients that add hydration and moisture to the skin. Moisturising sunscreens are usually creams and lotions that help you get a toned skin so look for these terms on the label.

Fair skin tones: Fair-skin toned individuals may use a broad spectrum sunscreen with a higher SPF content. While an SPF 30 is recommended as the minimal level of protection to your skin, so shoot for an SPF of 50+. Also, make sure to apply it frequently to balance the ph level and protect from UV rays.

Dark skin tones: People with darker skin should use sunscreen daily to protect their skin. Main concern for people with darker skin have regarding sunscreen use is the potential for chalky or white residue to be left behind on their skin that gives a vague look. This can be solved by applying a high quality chemical sunscreen.

ANI |

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Rail Ministry tweets about official menu rate–Check out full price list of meal items

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Rail Ministry tweets about official menu rate–Check out full price list of meal items

Posted on 22 March 2017 by GGS News

New Delhi : The ministry of railways has issued a rate card after being flooded with complaints by passengers of being overcharged for meals, water bottles and tea and coffee on trains.

The ministry posted the rate list on its Twitter account and asked people to lodge a complaint if they are overcharged.


“Know the rate list of @IRCATERING in case of any discrepancies must reported to @RailMinIndia: We work for you 24×7 (sic),” the tweet said.Disgruntled passengers have taken to several grievance portals, including Twitter, to lodge their complaints about the quality of food and catering services provided by private vendors, picked by Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), the public sector undertaking of the world’s fourth-largest rail network.

Under the contract, the assigned contractor is expected to provide services at rates specified by IRCTC, display a menu card and serve hygienic food. But more often than not passengers have complained about being fleeced by staff on board and served bad food.
In October 2015, railway minister Suresh Prabhu ordered a review of all the catering contracts and asked for a blacklist of companies involved in unfair and corrupt practices.

In February this year, Prabhu announced a new catering policy under which the food production and distribution functions were separated in an attempt to ensure that healthy and hygienic food is served on trains and railway platforms, following regular complaints against food quality.
The railways is attempting to rope in established hoteliers to build base kitchens at major stations under public-private partnership mode. The IRCTC, incorporated in September 1999, will be responsible for distributing food.

The railways PSU was relieved from the catering responsibility by the then railway minister Mamata Banerjee in 2010.

The new policy also stresses on the need to promote e-catering activities, which provides passengers with the option of booking meals from a panel of caterers selected by the IRCTC. Besides the 40 stations currently covered, several other stations will soon offer e-catering

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New risk factors for anxiety disorders revealed

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New risk factors for anxiety disorders revealed

Posted on 25 February 2017 by GGS News

New Delhi : People experiencing anxiety disorders, we have got some bad news for you.According to a recent study, Mental, social and inherited factors all play a role in anxiety disorders.
The journal was published in journal Molecular Psychiatry.

A research team from Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Würzburg (JMU) describes a hitherto unknown genetic pathway for developing such diseases. They pinpointed at least four variants of the GLRB gene (glycine receptor B) as risk factors for anxiety and panic disorders.

In Germany, around 15 percent of adults suffer from anxiety and panic disorders. Some people may have an extreme fear of spiders or other objects while others have breathing difficulties and accelerated heart beat in small rooms or large gatherings of people.

Scientists from Münster, Hamburg and Würzburg have looked into questions like, how are fear and anxiety triggered and how do anxiety disorders arise and evolve, within the scope of Collaborative Research Center (CRC) TR 58 funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

Their goal is to develop new therapies that are better tailored to the individual patients. Anxiety disorders can be treated with drugs and behaviour therapy for instance.

The discovery sees that different variants of the GLRB gene are associated with anxiety disorders and might also contribute to the development of improved therapies.

“Some mutations of the gene cause a rare neurological disorder called hyperekplexia. The patients are permanently hypertonic and show pronounced startle responses, which may even cause sufferers to fall involuntarily. Similar to persons suffering from anxiety disorders, these patients develop behaviour to avoid potentially frightening situations,” explains Professor Jürgen Deckert, member of the CRC and Director of the Department of Psychiatry at the JMU University Hospital.

But the GLRB gene variants that have recently been associated with anxiety and panic disorders for the first time are different from the ones described above. They occur more frequently and presumably entail less severe consequences. But they, too, trigger overshooting startle responses, and as a result may excessively activate the brain’s “fear network”.

“The results point to a hitherto unknown pathway of developing an anxiety disorder,” Deckert says.

He believes that further investigations are now necessary to determine whether these findings can be harnessed to develop new or individual therapies.

ANI |

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Woman gives birth to baby with 4 legs, 2 male sex organs

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Woman gives birth to baby with 4 legs, 2 male sex organs

Posted on 23 January 2017 by GGS News

Raichur : A woman delivered a baby with four legs and two male sex organs in Raichur, Karnataka, the Times of India reported.
Lalitamma, 23, who hails from a village in Raichur district, gave birth at the Dhadeasugure Primary Health Centre (PHC) in the early hours of Saturday.
The infant was later taken to the Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences (VIMS), Ballari, where he has been placed in neonatal care, the daily reported.
The mother was initially reluctant to take the baby to VIMS for further treatment because she could not afford it. She agreed after being advised by members of her family as well as the staff at the hospital.Dr Virupaksha T, who was on duty at the time of the birth, made all the arrangements for the baby’s transfer to VIMS.

It is a very challenging case and a team of surgeons is looking into the baby’s condition, said Dr Divakar Gaddi, who handled the case.

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Global cancer cases up by 33% in last 10 years: Prostate cancer most common cancer in men; breast cancer in women

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Global cancer cases up by 33% in last 10 years: Prostate cancer most common cancer in men; breast cancer in women

Posted on 05 December 2016 by GGS News

New Delhi, 05 DEC : Cancer cases around the world have increased by 33 percent between 2005 and 2015, mostly due to population aging and growth, claims a new American research. According to a new report from the Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration published online by JAMA Oncology, there were an estimated 17.5 million cancer cases around the globe and 8.7 million deaths, in 2015. Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide and estimates of its burden around the globe are vital for cancer control planning. The report by Christina Fitzmaurice, MD, MPH, of the University of Washington, Seattle and co-authors estimated cancer deaths using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data and verbal autopsy data.Among the report’s key findings were: * Globally, the odds of developing cancer during a lifetime were one in three for men and one in four for women. * The study suggested that prostate cancer was the most common cancer globally in men (1.6 million cases); tracheal, bronchus and lung (TBL) cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths for men. * Breast cancer was the most common cancer for women (2.4 million cases) and the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. Read more Mind your white wine intake, you could be at the risk of skin cancer Acupuncture aids recovery post surgery among breast cancer patients * The most common childhood cancers were leukemia, other neoplasms, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and brain and nervous system cancers. Limitations of the study include that its estimates depend on the quantity and quality of the data sources available. “Cancer control, which requires a detailed understanding of the cancer burden as provided in the GBD [Global Burden of Disease study], is of utmost importance given the rise in cancer incidence due to epidemiological and demographic transition,” the study concludes.HT

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New weapon to beat breast cancer-Metformin!

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New weapon to beat breast cancer-Metformin!

Posted on 04 June 2016 by GGS News

New Delhi, 03 JUNE : In the fight against cancer, a commonly-used drug for diabetes cure, metformin, might be a new weapon. Evidence from two new studies from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania suggest that metformin, commonly used to treat for type 2 diabetes, improves survival for some breast cancer patients and shows promise as a treatment for patients diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia.
In one study, researchers examined clinical outcomes for 1,215 patients who were diagnosed and underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer between 1997 and 2013. Ninety-seven patients examined reported using metformin before their diagnosis, and 97 reported use of the drug after diagnosis.Results of the study showed that patients who used metformin before being diagnosed with breast cancer were more than twice as likely to die than patients who never used the drug, while patients who began using metformin after their cancer diagnosis were almost 50 percent more likely to survive than non-users.
“Using metformin as a cancer prevention strategy has been controversial and results have been inconsistent, but our analysis reveals that use of the drug is time-dependent, which may explain the disparity. While use of the drug may have a survival benefit for some breast cancer patients, those who developed breast cancer while already using Metformin may have more aggressive cancer subtypes,” said lead author Yun Rose Li.Results of the study showed that patients who used metformin before being diagnosed with breast cancer were more than twice as likely to die than patients who never used the drug, while patients who began using metformin after their cancer diagnosis were almost 50 percent more likely to survive than non-users.
“Using metformin as a cancer prevention strategy has been controversial and results have been inconsistent, but our analysis reveals that use of the drug is time-dependent, which may explain the disparity. While use of the drug may have a survival benefit for some breast cancer patients, those who developed breast cancer while already using Metformin may have more aggressive cancer subtypes,” said lead author Yun Rose Li.She added that the study also illustrates the complex interaction between underlying metabolic risks and breast cancer outcomes and underscore the importance of a multi-system approach to cancer treatment.
In the second study, the team examined the effectiveness of using metformin as a treatment for women newly diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia, a condition that occurs when there is a hormonally related unbalanced overgrowth of the uterine lining. If left untreated, patients are at a significantly higher risk of developing uterine cancer.
Eighteen participants were enrolled in a multi-institutional trial and treated with metformin for three months. Results showed 56 percent of patients responded to treatment, defined as complete resolution of the hyperplasia. The effect was seen especially in women with simple hyperplasia without additional complications or irregularities.
“The results of our study may present an alternative treatment for particular forms of endometrial hyperplasia, in contrast to standard progesterone-based therapies or hysterectomy,” said lead author Emily Ko. “Future prospective studies may better identify women for which metformin may be most beneficial, as well as the most effective dosing regimens.”
The work will be presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting.

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How a Difference a Shoe Made!  Tips Footwear

How a Difference a Shoe Made! Tips Footwear

Posted on 25 May 2016 by GGS News

Footwear are made to cover our feet. Shoes can be cheap, expensive, ugly, beautiful, functional, impractical, right or wrong. Footwear says so much about who you are, what you do, and where you are going. The difference made by a shoe can make or break you – literally! Keep on reading to find the why one shoe does not fit all, and which shoe will make the difference for your destination.
A foot is a complex piece of human anatomy that has 26 bones, 33 joints – of which 20 are actively articulated – and hundreds of muscles, tendons and ligaments. No wonder that so many ailments can affect the foot! And shoes are often to blame.

The Right Shoe for the Wrong Occasion

Shoes can be the difference between a good day and a bad one. Choosing the right shoe is a start, as illustrated in this picture. The right shoe for the right occasion is what has led me to write this post. After a childhood of shoes that were more practical than pretty, I rebelled and excelled as a teenager (and later ) in choosing high-heeled pumps for forest walks, sandals for rainy days, and one pair of trainers for every attempt at sports. Of course — nature excursions, sports and any activities involving painful feet were not on my list of favourite things to do. Well, that was my excuse at least! Until – Now!

Footwear is like a Car

Now I have discovered what a difference a shoe makes! With lifestyle changes comes life altering realisations in many forms. My shoes – along with almost everything else – have changed too! The right shoes for the right occasion make such a difference! It adds comfort, practicality, function, and these days (thankfully!) style.

Footwear can make the difference to the occasion. This woman wear two different type of shoes to illustrate this.Finally, the healthy footwear of the past is no longer square, ugly shaped, elephant-heavy attachments at the end of your legs. Shoes are like cars these days — and globalisation has led to style marrying technical knowhow and functionality. Yes!

There is a shoe for every occasion, and choosing the right pair will make the whole difference. Starting with getting to know your feet, to finding the right fit for that activity you are embarking on and of course making sure your destination is involved your shoe choice too.

These 24 tips are part of my lifestyle change trip, and as so aptly said:

The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step.

Lao Tzu

Footwear: 24 Little Tips

Feet & Legs

Footwear choice starts with making sure you know your feet pronation as illustrated by these colourful foot prints.Look at your Feet and figure out if what the Pronation is based on your gait, or footprint. This is your first step to getting the right shoe in future.
Measure your Legs. 50% of the US population has uneven leg length, and therefore often seek treatment for lower back pain. Heel lifts, or inlays will impact on your shoe choice.
Figure out your Shoe size. That may sound crazy, but in todays’ global market converting shoe sizes between counties can be ever so tricky. This conversation chart can help: International Shoe Conversion Chart.
Foot care is for everyone! General foot care, ingrown nails, hard surfaces and other such lovely occurrences can be taken care of by a Podiatrist. Have a pedicure ever so often. Check out this website for more information about pedicures.
Me Time is perfect for person care, and this product does wonders for your feet, Picture of Sole Solution by NuSkinUse a foot cream every night. I love ‘Sole Solution’ by Nuskin, and it has literally changed my formerly hard feet to soft smooth skinned wonders. (click on photo to get it!)
With footwear comes the right socks. Often we forget that there is a sock for each type of shoe. Socks in sandals are not a hit, nor are sports socks in an elegant pair of Brogues, right?! Fashion aside – wrong socks makes your foot slip, or be too tight, which leads to blisters and other unwanted painful issues.
Let your activity choose the shoes, and not vice versa. Office, Night out, Field work, Walking, Cross Training, Pilates, Strength/Resistance , Running, Hiking, Desert, Bugs, Icy terrain, Winter Streets – they all demand their shoe!
Footwear by Activity

Working in an office or in a field setting will determine your choice of shoes. Climate controlled environments will make it easier for those chic shoes that goes with your office suit. You will be on your feet a lot, run errands, go for a lunch time walk, and rush backwards and forwards between meetings. Is there such a thing as a stylish shoe for office work? My favourite choices come from Geox, who combine style, healthy foot thinking, breathable, comfortable shoes all in one pair. A good pair of shoes for the office must look the part as well as support you all day long. Shoes also say a lot about professional status, so investing in a few classic pairs that will last through the fashion seasons is worth their weight in ‘gold’.
Footwear for a night out in this picture of a pair of perfect OMG sandalsParty, nightlife and elegance will open up the door to beautiful shoes of all colours, types and designers. The emphasis of this post is not really these beauties, but suffice to say that the right shoe will definitely make the difference to the whole occasion. You can find Shoes & More here. Nights out will vary in different cultures too. If you are invited to a Scandinavian home, it is advisable to leave your shoes by the door. The outside climate doesn’t marry well will the light interiors – so bring a pair of indoor shoes. Likewise, if you visit Southern European home do not take off you shoes as that would be an equivalent faux-pas, as the soles of your feet should not be shown.
If you work as in humanitarian aid, transport, aviation, logistics etc in a remote field setting, the climate and the job you do will impact your choice of working shoes a Footwear and choosing the right pair for the occasion is key to workplace wellness, as illustrated by these Desert Boots.lot. Geographical location, rainy season, desert climates, frozen tundra, or animals (snakes, scorpions, bugs etc) will need to be taken into account too. I highly recommend going to specialist stores that can guide you through the ins and outs of the variety that is available. Amazon has a huge range to choose from, and deliver direct to your door. It is tempting to buy ‘any old pair’ but, good working shoes can make the whole difference. Especially when you’re away for weeks on end with no possibility to get another pair. You can check out some of my top tips in the widget below.
Leisure or Free time shoes range from Flip Flops to Boots – choices are as many as the activities spent on previous time off. Fashion, style, destination and what you feel comfortable in is what dictates what you wear. Top tip though is not to mix the shoes with its intended use. A particular pet hate is hairy Footwear has their intended use like these Flip Flops that belong on a Beach, and are not meant for walking on city streets.toes in Flip Flops that drag their owner around town, when the only use for these kinds of shoes should be the beach! Equally – turning up for a mushroom picking excursion in a pair of Stilettos will put you at odds with the occasion. The fact is that Flop Flops or Stilettos are not meant for walking. They will impact your balance, make other parts of you body overcompensate and as such provoke overall  pain and/or health issues.
Icy winter streets can be real danger zones – and many hip and bone fractures could be avoided if only you had the right footwear. I love Ice Bugs, which are not only super stylish, but come with mini spikes. Icebugs are favoured in Scandinavia – and they know their winters! Just imagine how much you would lose if you were laid up because of a fracture, so get your pair now ready for the next ice dance.
Footwear you choose depends on activity. For walking you need proper shoes to have good performance, speed and endurance as illustrated by these Walking Boot Prints. Walking is also an activity that actually demand particular shoes. The surface you are most likely to spend the bulk of your time on will tell you what to go for. A good pair of walking shoes will improve speed, endurance and balance. If the fit is not right, other parts of your body will overcompensate and as such your walk will not only be painful, but your overall health can be impacted. In the past walking and hiking boots tended to be heavy, easily water-logged and the shape reminded one of Elephant Feet. These days you can find light weight, stylish Walking, Trekking and Hiking Shoes that work all-round. In a specialist store expert staff will guide you in the right direction, and then you can choose to buy them on-line and have them delivered to your door. Do remember that walking shoes are tools, and only last so long. The average duration of a well used pair is 6 months, or 400 miles (644 Km) . After that you need to buy a new pair.
Footwear for Fitness and Training

You need to choose the right type of footwear for the kind of fitness, sports or workout activity you will be doing. A shoe made for running is very different from a shoe made for basketball or tennis. Using the wrong sports shoe can impede your performance but more importantly actually provoke injury. The feet move differently when you run forward, as opposed to side ways, and as such the shoes are designed to give different levels of support to your foot. As a fitness fan you will soon discover what a difference a shoe makes when you get the right shoe for your sport. Do get the expert advice you need when buying them, and try on many different pairs to find which ones fit you. It is an investment after all!
Footwear matters for your training as illustrated by this running figureRunning Shoes have gone through an evolution, and are now highly sophisticated pieces of equipment. Running shoes have no lateral stability, as you will be moving forward. They are designed to give you support and stability as you move your foot through the running gait cycle. If you are an experienced runner you will be investing good money to avoid injury, and to make sure your foots individuality is covered. Running shoes for every foot can be found on-line from Amazon. You can also go to a good sports store and let an expert guide you in your choice. A start can be to check out this site: Expert advice on how to choose running shoes.
Cross Training: A good cross-trainer will allow you to do the treadmill, some walking on asphalt or on a track, and light jogging. To choose a good cross-trainer, you will be looking for a firm heel, support and light weight. Good Cross Training Shoes are available online and in good sports stores, if you have access to them.
Resistance/Weights: Your firm running shoes will not work for weight training well, as you need a good firm grip of the ground you are on. Go to Amazon and check them out for the light weight, flexible, flat type barefoot trainers that you will be looking for.
Healthier Life, 5 x 5 Success plan illustrated by Happy Healthy peopleGym / Aerobics / Strength Training Class will require supportive shoes. Side to Side stepping, and constant jumping will ask for a shoe that provides cushioning, flexibility, support and grip. A minimalist cross trainer that gives arch and ankle support without the bulk will keep your feet happy. Check out the widget below for recommendations.
Tennis/Squash and Racquet Sports: Racquet spots involve a lot of side-to-side movement, and you need sport shoes specifically designed for lateral stability. Running shoes will not work therefore. Raquet Sport Shoes are heavier and stiffer than running shoes, and the toes are built for stop-and-go action. Making sure that you choose a pair that feel comfortable for your feet is essential, and making sure to replacing them frequently as they wear out fast.
Bicycle Shoes: Compared to typical athletic shoes, cycling shoes are designed with stiffer soles to provide more efficient energy transfer as you pedal away. These stiff soles also protect your feet while riding and offer support that reduces cramping and fatigue. The uppers are also relatively rigid for extra support. A good pair of cross trainers could work if you are not an everyday bicyclist.
Pilates and Yoga: Barefoot is of course the norm for Pilates and Yoga, and the natural movement of the feet is key to alignment and flexibility. However to keep warm in colder climates, or for personal hygiene, many opt for specialised Pilates and Yoga ‘Shoes’. These hit just below the ankle so alignment can be checked, and are rubberized for better grip.
Footwear Care & Wear

Take care of your shoes, so they last longer. You use different shoes for different occasions, and the better you take care of them the longer they last. Give them a shine, take them to the cobbler and prop them up with shoe horns, old socks or silk paper so they don’t loose their shape. Most shoes will last years, and even when you think they are out of fashion give them a seasonal beauty session – and before you know it fashion will have spun around and they are in again.
Whilst the above is true for your classic designer, leather investment shoes – fitness shoes last relatively shorter and you must be cruel to be kind to your feet. If in doubt take your trainers to a serious sports shop and ask their opinion.
Give a gift that keeps on giving to those in needLastly – but absolutely not least: Make a difference in someone’s life and give away your old shoes! Check out this site and find links on how your old running shoes will make someone very happy: Giving Back: Donate Your Old Shoes. Also Soles4Souls has made a difference by people like you donating your old shoes. Make a search yourself of a place near you where you can make a difference in someone’s life, by giving away your old shoes!
What a difference a day made – 24 little hours..

Dinah Washington sang, and inspired me while I was walking in a pair of trainers actually make for walking. They had not been used for walking before, and now they were. What a difference a shoe made! I hope the 24 tips can help you find your perfect pair for your activity. Please feel free to share your footwear thoughts and shoe comments below.

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How to eat Indian street food safely

How to eat Indian street food safely

Posted on 21 May 2016 by GGS News

How to eat Indian street food safely.

1. Give yourself a few days to adjust to the local cuisine, especially if you’re not used to spicy food.2. You know the rule about following a crowd – if the locals are avoiding a particular vendor, you should too. Also take notice of the profile of the customers – any place popular with families will probably be your safest bet.3. Check how and where the vendor is cleaning the utensils, and how and where the food is covered. If the vendor is cooking in oil, have a peek to check it’s clean. If the pots or surfaces are dirty, there are food scraps about or too many buzzing flies, don’t be shy to make a hasty retreat.3. Check how and where the vendor is cleaning the utensils, and how and where the food is covered. If the vendor is cooking in oil, have a peek to check it’s clean. If the pots or surfaces are dirty, there are food scraps about or too many buzzing flies, don’t be shy to make a hasty retreat.4. Don’t be put off when you order some deep-fried snack and the cook throws it back into the wok. It’s common practice to partly cook the snacks first and then finish them off once they’ve been ordered. In fact, frying them hot again will kill any germs.5. Unless a place is reputable (and busy), it’s best to avoid eating meat from the street.6. The hygiene standard at juice stalls is wildly variable, so exercise caution. Have the vendor press the juice in front of you and steer clear of anything stored in a jug or served in a glass (unless you’re absolutely convinced of the washing standards).6. The hygiene standard at juice stalls is wildly variable, so exercise caution. Have the vendor press the juice in front of you and steer clear of anything stored in a jug or served in a glass (unless you’re absolutely convinced of the washing standards).6. The hygiene standard at juice stalls is wildly variable, so exercise caution. Have the vendor press the juice in front of you and steer clear of anything stored in a jug or served in a glass (unless you’re absolutely convinced of the washing standards).

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Superbugs could annihilate humans every 3 seconds by 2050

Posted on 19 May 2016 by GGS News

Urgent action is needed to control the use of antibiotics before they cease to work, leaving a number of major conditions untreatable and causing “terrible human and economic cost”, a major study has warned.
Resistance to antibiotics is growing at such an alarming rate that they risk losing effectiveness entirely meaning medical procedures such as caesarean sections, joint replacements and chemotherapy could soon become too dangerous to perform. Unless urgent action is taken, drug resistant infections will kill 10 million people a year by 2050, more than cancer kills currently, the report’s authors warn.
Drug resistant infections are thought to be growing due to over-use of medicine such as antibiotics and anti-fungus treatments to treat minor conditions such as the common cold. With over-use, human immune systems build up resistance such the drugs meaning some conditions become incurable and so-called ‘superbugs’ such as MRSA develop.
Research has also suggested that antibiotic use in pig farming is common as poor living conditions mean such treatment is necessary to prevent infections spreading between livestock and that this passes down to humans through pork consumption, increasing resistance levels further. In the UK, 45 per cent of all antibiotics are given to livestock.
The report is the result of a two year long review of the use of antibiotics undertaken by economist and former Goldman Sachs Asset Managemet chairman Lord Jim O’Neill. The review was commissioned by the Government amid growing concerns about the use of the medicines in the UK.
It calls for urgent action to halt the growing use of antibiotics: “to avoid the terrible human and economic costs of resistance that the world would otherwise face.” Among his recommendations, Lord O’Neill calls for a public awareness campaign on the harms of antibiotic use, for restrictions to be placed on the use of some critical antibiotics and a tax on the drugs to be introduced for livestock use.
The report estimates that without action now, the cost of the antibiotic failure will be $100 trillion between before 2050.Lord O’Neill said of the findings: “My review not only makes it clear how big a threat antimicrobial resistance is to the world, with a potential 10 million people dying each year by 2050, but also now sets out a workable blueprint for bold, global action to tackle this challenge. The actions I’m setting out today are ambitious in their scope- but this is a problem which it is well within our grasp to solve if we take action now… to avoid the terrible human and economic costs of resistance that the world will otherwise face.”Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne welcomed the report’s recommendations, saying: “Lord O’Neill’s review provides a stark warning that unless we take global action, antimicrobial resistance will become a greater threat to mankind than cancer currently is. It is not just a threat to health but also to the world economy. Apart from the moral case for action, the economic cost of failing to act is too great to contemplate.”Dame Sally Davies, chief medical officer for England, who previously warned that the UK is facing an “apocalyptic scenario” over antimicrobial drug use also welcomed the report, describing the recommendations as “challenging.”
Antibiotics act to kill or inhabit the growth of bacteria, stopping infections. They transformed medicine when they were first used early last century and have contributed to the near eradication of a number of serious conditions including tuberculosis and syphilis. An estimated 40 million antibiotics are prescribed in the UK every year, of which the health regulator Nice claims 10 million are unnecessary prescriptions.

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7 reasons your belly fat won’t disappear

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7 reasons your belly fat won’t disappear

Posted on 28 April 2016 by GGS News

You work hard to lose weight, but the pooch won’t budge. Our friends at Shape share some reasons as to why this is happening.

You can work out like a champ, eat virtuously, and get sound sleep but still stay thick around the middle. Blame some newly discovered triggers that undermine your slim-down efforts by making you pack on the belly flab. Take note, and trim down.
Living on a Busy Street
Regular exposure to traffic noise makes you 29 percent more likely to have a bigger waistline, according to findings in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.  Other research found that such noise may spike your cortisol, a hormone associated with ab fat. Three suggestions for you: Drown out the noise by playing soothing music (studies revealed that such tunes lower cortisol levels), muffle the clamor with a background- noise machine, or pop in noise-canceling earbuds when you need to focus.
Your Fizzy Drink Habit
Ironically, people who sip the no-cal stuff in an effort to cut calories are actually more likely to gain belly fat. Diet soda drinkers who averaged about a can and a half a day packed 3.2 inches onto their waistlines over the course of nine and a half years, while those drinking fizzy drinks gained less than an inch, a recent study at the University of Texas Health Science Center found. One reason is that artificial sweeteners prevent the brain from registering satiety, thus increasing cravings for sweets, so you end up eating more, says study author Helen Hazuda. If you can’t give up the bubbles, switch to naturally flavoured calorie-free seltzers, which are made without any sweeteners (snapping open the can and sipping the slightly tangy carbonated drink can mimic the diet soda experience), or for your caffeine fix, go for unsweetened coffee or tea, Hazuda suggests.
Mental Multitasking
Brown University researchers found that people who were able to focus their thoughts on the present carried about a pound less of belly fat, on average, than those who weren’t as mindful. The scientists speculate that because mindful people are able to view their feelings more objectively, they have greater power to overcome urges-for example, resisting a second drink at happy hour in favour of pushing it in an a.m. Spinning class. Cultivate your focus by meditating, practicing yoga, or engaging in endurance exercise, such as going for a long run or bike ride, which encourages you to constantly monitor your pace, the way your body is moving, and how you’re feeling, says study author Eric Loucks.
Skimping on Calcium
Fifty-seven percent of women are falling short on the recommended daily allowance of calcium, and it may be showing in their waist measurements. Dairy, which is rich in calcium, can help flatten your belly, a study published in the journal Nutrients found. When subjects ate three daily servings of milk-based products for 12 weeks, they lost about 2.2 pounds more belly fat than those who consumed less of the same stuff. That’s because foods loaded with calcium better suppress a type of hormone that promotes fat storage, the researchers speculate. Aim to eat three servings a day of high-calcium foods like milk, yoghurt, cheese, broccoli, kale, and tofu.
Your Commute
The longer you travel to your job, the wider your waistline, according to a study of almost 4,300 workers conducted at Washington University. The top reason? A longer trip means less time to work out. You may not be able to change how you get to the office, but you can build activity into your commute by parking a mile or two from your workplace or train stop and walking, biking, or running the rest of the way. Or join a gym that’s on your route and keep clothes and sneakers in the car so you can pop in on your way home, suggests sport psychologist Amanda Visek.
Tossing and Turning
Tons of studies have shown that sleep deprivation can increase cortisol levels. But a new German study found that the quality of your sleep matters too and that people who don’t sleep soundly have more fat. “Waking up in the middle of the night as a result of things like snoring, nightmares, restlessness, or a baby crying happens commonly; actually, we’re wired to naturally wake up a few times,” says José Colón, the author of The Sleep Diet. “But if you wake up and immediately start panicking about falling back asleep, that can raise cortisol levels.” Dr. Colón suggests turning your alarm clock over so you don’t fixate on the time. Sometimes circumstances prevent you from getting seven to eight consecutive hours of sleep. Sleeping in blocks of three or four hours, however, is still restorative.
OK, so it’s no surprise that young women who watch more than three hours of TV a day have significantly more belly fat than those who watch an hour or less a day-lying on the couch with your hand in a bag of crisps isn’t exactly a recipe for weight loss. Researchers found that tuning in to cooking programs also boosts your risk of gaining weight. People who watch food TV and cook the featured dishes weigh 10 pounds more than people who find recipes elsewhere.

“Cooking shows often portray unhealthy recipes and make viewers think it’s the norm to eat this way,” says the study’s lead researcher, Lizzy Pope, Ph.D., R.D.N., the director of the Didactic Program in Dietetics at the University of Vermont. Pope recommends culling recipes from cookbooks, magazines (try the healthy eats in this one), and family and friends, since these sources were not associated with weight gain.

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